Biographies of scientists

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Michael Farday: The Self-Educated Inventor

Michael Farday: The Self-Educated Inventor

Michael Faraday (1791 - 1867) Is it possible to become one of the most influential scientists in history without a formal education? In the case of Michael Faraday, the answer would be an absolute yes. Our world is full of big and small electric motors. And we owe Faraday for discovering the principles of electromagnetism that led to the first electric motor. Faraday’s main contributions were within the study of electromagnetism and the relationship between electricity and chemical change....

Buckminster Fuller: A Scholar, a Scientist and an Inventor

Buckminster Fuller: A Scholar, a Scientist and an Inventor

Buckminster Fuller (1895 – 1983): Imagine if you were a scientist, working in the freezing South Pole. You would be staying in a curious, dome-like structure that must be capable of standing up to strong winds and blizzards. It is likely that you would be staying in a Geodesic dome. The Geodesic dome is one of the many inventions of Richard Buckminster Fuller. It originated from an elegantly simple idea. Fuller understood that the triangle is an extremely stable shape....

Louis Pasteur: The man who discovered vaccination

Louis Pasteur: The man who discovered vaccination

Louis Pasteur (1822 - 1895): The next time you chomp on cheese or sip some wine, remember the French scientist Louis Pasteur who discovered that spoiled milk, fermented beer and wine, and many diseases are caused by bacteria. Millions of people are saved from bites from rabid dogs because of the rabies vaccine developed by Louis Pasteur. Bacteria are tiny, living organisms that are only visible under a microscope. More than 150 years ago, Pasteur discovered that heating milk between 60 to 100 degrees Celsius kills the bacteria....

Maria Curie: The only scientist to win a Nobel prize twice

Maria Curie: The only scientist to win a Nobel prize twice

Maria Skłodowska Curie (1867 - 1934): Marie Curie (born Maria Skłodowska Curie) was the first woman to win a Nobel prize and the only scientist to win a Nobel prize twice. She was also the first scientist to win a Nobel Prize in two different fields of science. She found a treatment for cancer, coined the word “radioactive”, and discovered the elements Radium and Polonium. Maria Skłodowska Curie was born in Warsaw, Poland on the 7th of November, 1867....

Galileo Galilei: The Italian who figured that planets revolve around the sun

Galileo Galilei: The Italian who figured that planets revolve around the sun

Galileo Galilei (1564 - 1642): Nearly 400 years ago, an Italian mathematician told the world that the planets revolve around the sun. And he was severely punished for it. But he stood by his words and spent the last days of his life under house arrest. This was Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaulti de Galilei, or Galileo Galilei. Born on the 15th of February, 1564, Galileo was an Italian astronomer, physicist, and engineer. Galileo has been called the father of observational astronomy, the father of modern physics, the father of modern science, and the father of scientific method....

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

German-American physicist Albert Einstein contributed more than any other scientist to the 20th-century vision of physical reality. In the wake of World War I, Einstein’s theories, especially his theory of relativity, seemed to many people to point to a pure quality of human thought, one far removed from the war and its aftermath. Seldom has a scientist received such public attention for having cultivated the fruit of pure learning. Born in Ulm in Germany on March 14, 1879, Einstein’s parents were nonobservant Jews who moved from Ulm to Munich when Einstein was an infant....

Nikola Tesla – Unsung Prophet of Electrical Age

Nikola Tesla – Unsung Prophet of Electrical Age

If you ask anyone or check up in the encyclopaedia, who invented the radio or X-rays, chances are you will never come across the name of Nikola Tesla there. Look up fluorescent bulb, neon lights, car ignition system, electron microscope, microwave oven and many others – you can search page after page but your search will turn up zilch on Tesla in any normal reference book. In fact very few have heard of Nikola Tesla, a brilliant scientist who lived at the turn of the century....

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